Private Road Maintenance Agreements: Facilitating Neighborly Relations

In Michigan, a private road is “a privately owned and maintained road, allowing access to more than one residence or place of business, which is normally open to the public and upon which persons other than the owners located thereon may also travel.”[i] Many people live on private roads and use them for access to […]

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Ameliorating the Dangers of the North Dakota Oil-by-Rail Industry

The fracking boom in the United States has established North Dakota as the second largest producer of crude oil in the country.[i] North Dakota shale development has primarily occurred in the Bakken Formation. The Bakken Formation is a large oil and natural gas deposit located in the northern states. It lies between Montana, North Dakota, […]

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Fracking (lacking) in Illinois

In June 2013, Illinois Governor Pat Quinn signed Senate Bill 1715, the Hydraulic Fracturing Regulatory Act and the Illinois Hydraulic Fracturing Tax Act, into law, making Illinois one of the many states to prepare for hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) in the “shale era.”[i] When passed, legislators hoped the new regulations would help Illinois’ economy by encouraging […]

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New Competition in the Energy Market

Traditionally, electricity production and distribution were exclusively performed by large utility companies who invested heavily in installing power transmission lines and grids, a complicated network of generators and cables that transport electricity from one place to another.[i] As a result, state regulations explicitly favorable to monopolizing the supply of electricity by a particular utility company […]

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The Future of Fracking and Lessons Learned

In October 2014, California learned that hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) natural gas operations in the state had illegally injected toxic wastewater into aquifers.[i] The EPA allows oil and gas companies to dispose of waste waters used for injection during the fracking process by re-injecting them into “exempt” aquifers, which contain water that is not safe for […]

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